In this research, the relation between problem solving abilities and self-esteem levels of high school students, who receive art education and those who do not, has been analysed. In the research, for which screening model was used, 190 females and 124 males 314 students in total, still studying in different class levels in Bolu Atatürk High School and Bolu Fine Arts and Sports High School, were included in the workgroup. As data collection tools, ‘Personal Information Form’ and ‘Problem Solving Inventory’ and ‘Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale’ prepared by the researcher was used. The data obtained from the participants were collected and processed into Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS-15) and t-test analysis, one way analysis of anova, pearson correlation analysis were carried out. According to the findings obtained from the research, while a significant difference in students’ problem solving abilities and self esteem levels was not found in terms of gender, a significant difference was found in terms of class level. A significant relation in a negative direction was found between problem solving abilities and self-esteem levels of those who do not receive art education and between problem solving abilities and self-esteem levels of those who receive art education. However, a significant difference between problem solving abilities and self-esteem levels of students receiving and not receiving art education was not found.