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The Effectiveness of Video Prompting in Small Groups Teaching of Leisure Time Skills to Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

The purpose of this research is to investigate the effectiveness of video prompting in small groups teaching of leisure time skills to individuals with intellectual disabilities. For this purpose, the abilities to make wristbands, keyrings and bookmarks were taught with prepared video prompting to three individuals with intellectual disabilities. Three individuals at the age of 18 years old with mild intellectual disorder participated in the study. The dependent variables of the research are the skills of making wristbands, making keyrings, and making bookmarks. The independent variable of the research is video-assisted teaching. In the research, instead of single-subject research methods was used inter-behavioral multiple interrogation model. Opinions of the families on the use of video promting in acquiring the skills to make wristbands, keychains, and bookmarks of individuals with intellectual disabilities have also been examined. The results of this research showed that video-prompting teaching is effective in small groups teaching of leisure time skills, and that they are able to keep the obtained skills after the end of teaching period and generalize them to different environments and persons. Results of social validity of the research showed that the opinions of the families on the video-prompting free time skills teaching were positive.

Intellectual disability, video prompting, leisure time skills, small group teaching,


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