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Development of the Attitude Scale for Art History Courses

In the society, the perception that the arts education programs are mainly carried out by the practice courses. This may affect the view of the art history courses carried out within the educational programs. However, arts education programs are not only for practical training. There are also theoretical courses such as art history which explain the existence of objects produced within the practice courses and aim to interpret them. The aim of this study is to prepare an attitude scale in order to determine the attitude of the students studying art programs towards the art history courses they have taken. During the development of the scale used in this study, scales in the literature were examined and then expert opinion was used. In addition, the researchers observed the students taking art history courses and noted the students' attitudes towards art history lessons. Finally a pool of 66 items including 33 positive and 33 negative was created. The comments of 5 experts were received regarding the validity of the scale. The final version of the scale were administered to 306 participants in total, of whom 91 were male and 215 were female. Exploratory factor analysis is used in the dimensioning of the scale . The results of exploratory factor analysis revealed the existance of 6 structures in the scale. 23 of the 66 items in the item pool were discarded after exploratory factor analysis. As a result, the value of Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin is 0.950, Barlet’s value is 7919.183 and Cronbach alpha coefficient is 0.960 for the reliability. The results of confirmatory factor analyses indicated acceptable levels of goodness of fit indexes regarding the scale. It can be concluded that scale developed in this study can be used to measure the attitudes of art students to their art history classes.

Art history education, attitude, attitude scale


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