The Mediating and Moderating Role of Self-efficacy in the Relationship between Hope and Peace Attitudes

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Year-Number: 2016-Volume 8, Issue 2

Abstract

The current study was designed to investigate the mediating and moderating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between hope and peace attitudes. The participants were 293 adolescents who are continuing their high school education. 57% of the students were females, 43% of them were males. Their ages were between 14 and 16. The following inventories were used to collect data: Turkish version of Children’s Hope Scale to assess hope, Self-efficacy Scale for Children to evaluate self-efficacy, and Peace Attitudes Scale to measure attitudes towards peace. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to investigate the mediator and moderator role of self-efficacy. The results pointed out that self-efficacy fully mediated the relationship between hope and peace attitudes, and plays also a moderator role in this relationship. Mediation indicates that as hope increases peace attitudes increase as well and self-efficacy has a mediator effect in this enhancement. Moderator role indicates that that self-efficacy strengthened the relation between hope and peace attitudes. The importance of the results is discussed in the light of literature.

Keywords

Abstract

The current study was designed to investigate the mediating and moderating role of self-efficacy in the relationship between hope and peace attitudes. The participants were 293 adolescents who are continuing their high school education. 57% of the students were females, 43% of them were males. Their ages were between 14 and 16. The following inventories were used to collect data: Turkish version of Children’s Hope Scale to assess hope, Self-efficacy Scale for Children to evaluate self-efficacy, and Peace Attitudes Scale to measure attitudes towards peace. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to investigate the mediator and moderator role of self-efficacy. The results pointed out that self-efficacy fully mediated the relationship between hope and peace attitudes, and plays also a moderator role in this relationship. Mediation indicates that as hope increases peace attitudes increase as well and self-efficacy has a mediator effect in this enhancement. Moderator role indicates that that self-efficacy strengthened the relation between hope and peace attitudes. The importance of the results is discussed in the light of literature.

Keywords