This study was conducted to develop a valid and reliable data collection tool to determine to what extent university students have an awareness of the gains of the recreational activities they engage in. In the study, following the literature review, a questionnaire of 55 items was devised. Following expert opinions, it was decided for the data collection tool to have 45 items. As a result of the pilot study that was carried out, the implicit structure of the data collection tool which was reduced to 44 items following the exclusion of a question with low-factor load (.288) was made by explanatory factor analysis (EFA). According to the result of the analysis, a structure with 41 items and 3 factors was shaped which explains 43.327% of the total variance. Related literature was examined and the sub-dimensions that were found were named as follows: first dimension, Pleasure/Fun 1¦10 (?=.885), second dimension, Social/Success 11¦28 (?=.905), third dimension, Self-improvement 29¦41 (?=.884). The verification of the implicit structure that was shaped was tested through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Analysis results have shown that the fit indices of the structure of 41 items and 3 factors are good. The reliability of the data collection tool was tested by internal consistency (?=.948) and the split-half reliability analyses. The results demonstrate a valid and reliable instrument.