A Meta-Analytic Review on the Causes and Consequences of Organizational Cynicism

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Year-Number: 2019-Volume 11, Issue 2
Number of pages: 149-164
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Abstract

The aim of this study is to address the studies examining the causes and consequences of organizational cynicism conducted between 2000-2018 in educational institutions in Turkey with a holistic approach, synthesize their results, and obtain more comprehensive and valid results. In this regard, this study is a meta-analysis study. First of all, studies carried out in the educational institutions in Turkey were obtained by searching for some keywords in the databases of Google Scholar, ULAKBIM (Turkish National Academic Network and Information Center), National Thesis Center of the Council of Higher Education, ERIC and Web of Science. Afterwards, 68 studies were included in the study taking into consideration the inclusion criteria set by the researcher. Analyses performed to identify the publication bias revealed that publication bias was not the case. Random effects model (REM) was adopted in the analyses. Results are as follows: The effect size of organizational justice, organizational trust, and ethical leadership on the organizational cynicism is large whereas the effect size of organizational support and organizational silence on the organizational cynicism is moderate. In addition, the effect size of mobbing on the organizational cynicism is modest. Whereas the effect size of organizational cynicism on the work alienation is large, its effect size on job satisfaction and organizational identification is moderate. On the other hand, organizational cynicism has a modest effect size on organizational citizenship, organizational commitment, and job performance.

Keywords

Abstract

The aim of this study is to address the studies examining the causes and consequences of organizational cynicism conducted between 2000-2018 in educational institutions in Turkey with a holistic approach, synthesize their results, and obtain more comprehensive and valid results. In this regard, this study is a meta-analysis study. First of all, studies carried out in the educational institutions in Turkey were obtained by searching for some keywords in the databases of Google Scholar, ULAKBIM (Turkish National Academic Network and Information Center), National Thesis Center of the Council of Higher Education, ERIC and Web of Science. Afterwards, 68 studies were included in the study taking into consideration the inclusion criteria set by the researcher. Analyses performed to identify the publication bias revealed that publication bias was not the case. Random effects model (REM) was adopted in the analyses. Results are as follows: The effect size of organizational justice, organizational trust, and ethical leadership on the organizational cynicism is large whereas the effect size of organizational support and organizational silence on the organizational cynicism is moderate. In addition, the effect size of mobbing on the organizational cynicism is modest. Whereas the effect size of organizational cynicism on the work alienation is large, its effect size on job satisfaction and organizational identification is moderate. On the other hand, organizational cynicism has a modest effect size on organizational citizenship, organizational commitment, and job performance.

Keywords