Investigation of Mental Toughness Levels of Candidates Preparing to Special Ability Exams for Physical Education and Sport College

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Number of pages : 195-204

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Abstract

In this study, mental toughness level, confidence, continuity and control sub-dimensions of the candidates prepared for special ability exams of physical education and sports colleges were examined according to gender, age, sports year, individual and team sport and high school variables they studied. The study involves 329 persons having a sports history of at least one year, average age of 18,99±1,91 years, weight of 63,85±10,44 kg, height of 171,68±7,82 cm and sports age of 6,20±4,92 years. In the study, the "Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire" developed by Sheard and his colleagues, and the questionnaire prepared by the researchers were used. SPSS 22.0 program, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests were used for the analysis of data, the distribution of normality of data, and non-parametric tests since data did not show normal distribution, respectively. As a result of the research, it was found that the mental toughness levels of the candidates preparing to special ability exams differ in terms of mental toughness and sub-dimensions according to gender, age of the sport and type of high school they studied. According to this, it can be said that male athletes are more confident in themselves, self-confidence increases as the age of sports increases in general, occupational high school students are more calm and controlled, individual athletes can take on more responsibility and are combative. In this stage, it can be argued that in addition to the trainings made by the candidates preparing for special ability exams in the field of sports, mental development trainings will have a positive effect on the performances of them.

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