Individuals encounter events waiting for a solution at every stage of life. The way they approach these events is directly related to their problem-solving skills. Especially in interpersonal relations, it is necessary to be a good listener in order to understand and respond to others. Individuals who can analyze what they listen to, find solutions to problems in this direction and reflect them on their lives can have a more positive self-perception. Positive self-perception contributes to the success of the individual in both social and academic life. Considering these issues, a study based on the relational screening model was conducted with 242 children who are not identified as gifted and 74 who are identified gifted children attending the 7th grade in the 2022-2023 academic year. The study was carried out in 3 public schools and 4 Science and Art Center in Istanbul. The listening comprehension test and the reflective thinking scale based on problem solving were used to collect the data. Data were analyzed with SPSS 22. package program. According to the results obtained, there is a negative relationship between the listening comprehension skills of the participants and their reflective thinking skills for problem solving.