The French Revolution (1789), which affected the Ottoman Empire in every aspect, changed the Ottoman State's view of the concept of citizenship and its expectations for citizenship education, and this process opened the door to periods such as the Tanzimat Period, the Reform Period, the First Constitutional Monarchy Period and the Second Constitutional Monarchy Period. In this study, the historical transformation of the ideal citizen profile in Turkey (1789-1938) is analysed and the transformation of citizenship education and the ideal citizen profile is discussed in relation to the social and political events of the period. In the process from 1789 to 1938, how the perception of citizenship changed was analysed. The research was conducted as qualitative research and document analysis method was used in the study. The analyses were carried out by descriptive analysis method. In line with the findings, it was revealed that turning points such as the French Revolution, the Tanzimat, Reform and Constitutional Monarchy periods, the First World War and the establishment of the Republic of Turkey caused significant changes in terms of the characteristics expected to be possessed by the citizen profile, and that the idea of who the ideal citizen is and what kind of citizenship characteristics he/she should exhibit has experienced a great transformation.